Ingmar Bergman

Director Profile

Born: 14 July, 1918
Died: 01 July, 2007
Country of Birth: Sweden

Film as dream, film as music. No art passes our conscience in the way film does, and goes directly to our feelings, deep down into the dark rooms of our souls.

Biography

Ingmar Bergman was born in Uppsala, Sweden. His father was a Lutheran minister and a chaplain to the Swedish court, while his mother was from a wealthy family. He was close to his mother but often subject to his father's rigid discipline, and Bergman drew upon these relationships, including his parents' strained marriage, throughout his work.

As a child, Bergman made puppets for the puppet-theatre that he and his sister and their friends played with. In 1935 he saw his first production, Strindberg's A Dream Play, and after graduating Stockholm University with a literature degree, he trained as a theatre director. He also published short stories and wrote plays. At 26, Bergman was the youngest theatre manager in Europe, an important position he reinforced through a series of striking productions, especially of classical plays.

In 1944, Bergman debuted in cinema as a screenwriter; his first film as both writer and director was 1949's The Devil's Wanton. However, his artistic breakthrough came in 1953 with Sawdust and Tinsel, and his first international success was Smiles of a Summer Night in 1955.

From the mid 1950s through the 1960s Bergman was considered among the pre-eminent film directors in world cinema, often personifying the European auteur. With films such as Wild Strawberries (1957) winning the Golden Bear at Berlin, The Seventh Seal (1957) receiving the Jury Prize at Cannes, and Persona (1966), he returned again and again to themes of the lack of communication between men and women, questions of guilt and of the existence of God, and man's emotional brutality.

Despite Bergman's status, his films were not always well received in Sweden or abroad. Feminists have denounced Bergman's portrayal of women, although other critics have considered him among the most sensitive interpreters of women in cinema.

In the late 1970s Bergman left Sweden for Munich after accusations of income-tax fraud and a nervous breakdown. He returned to his homeland to make one of his most popular films, Fanny and Alexander (1983), which won the Oscar® for Best Foreign Film. In 1984 he relocated to his homeland to write scripts and books, including his autobiography, a film memoir, and the novel The Best Intentions which was based on his parents' lives. Ingmar Bergman died on July 30, 2007, on the island of Fårö.

Available to Own

It Rains on Our Love

(DVD) - RELEASE DATE: 11/03/2010

A Film by Ingmar Bergman more »


A Ship Bound for India

(DVD) - RELEASE DATE: 11/03/2010

When hunchbacked sailor Johannes Blum returns to his home port after seven years, he finds his former sweetheart, Sally, despondent.... more »


Dreams

(DVD) - RELEASE DATE: 17/04/2008

Ingmar Bergman’s DREAMS follows Susanne, a photographer, and her model Doris as they journey to Gothenburg... more »


Brink of Life

(DVD) - RELEASE DATE: 11/03/2010

A Film by Ingmar Bergman more »

Filmography

2003 ANNA / SARABAND (television)
2000 BILDMAKARNA (television)
1997 LARMAR OCH GÖRSIG TILL / IN THE PRESENCE OF A CLOWN (television)
1986 KARINS ANSIKTE / KARIN'S FACE (television short)
1986 DOKUMENT FANNY OCH ALEXANDER / DOCUMENTARY OF FANNY AND ALEXANDER (television documentary)
1985 DE TVÅ SALIGA / THE BLESSED ONES (television)
1984 EFTER REPETITIONEN / AFTER THE REHEARSAL
1982 FANNY OCH ALEXANDER / FANNY AND ALEXANDER
1980 AUS DEM LEBEN DES MARIONETTEN / FROM THE LIFE OF THE MARIONETTES
1979 FÅRÖ-DOKUMENT 1979 / THE FÅRÖ-DOCUMENT 1979 (television documentary)
1978 HERBSTSONATE / AUTUMN SONATA
1977 DAS SCHLANGENEI / THE SERPENT'S EGG
1976 ANSIKTE MOT ANSIKTE / FACE TO FACE
1975 TROLLFLÖJTEN / THE MAGIC FLUTE
1973 SCENER UR ETT ÄKTENSKAP / SCENES FROM A MARRIAGE
1972 VISKNINGAR OCH ROP / CRIES AND WHISPERS
1971 BERÖRINGEN / THE TOUCH
1970 FÅRÖ-DOKUMENT / THE FÅRÖ DOCUMENT (television documentary)
1969 EN PASSION / A PASSION
1969 RITEN / THE RITUAL
1968 SKAMMEN / THE SHAME
1967 DANIEL
1966 PERSONA
1964 FÖR ATT INTE TALA OM ALLA DESSA KVINNOR / NOW ABOUT THESE WOMEN
1963 TYSTNADEN / THE SILENCE
1963 NATTVARDSGÄSTERNA / WINTER LIGHT
1961 SÅSOM I EN SPEGEL / THROUGH A GLASS DARKLY
1960 DJÄVULENS ÖGA / THE DEVIL'S EYE
1960 JUNGFRUKÄLLAN / THE VIRGIN SPRING
1968 VARGTIMMEN / HOUR OF THE WOLF
1958 ANSIKTET / THE MAGICIAN
1958 NÄRA LIVET / BRINK OF LIFE
1957 SMULTRONSTÄLLET / WILD STRAWBERRIES
1957 DET SJUNDE INSEGLET / THE SEVENTH SEAL
1955 SOMMARNATTENS LEEND / SMILES OF A SUMMER NIGHT
1955 KVINNODRÖM / DREAMS
1954 EN LEKTION I KÄRLEK / A LESSON IN LOVE
1953 GYCKLARNAS AFTON / SAWDUST AND TINSEL
1953 SOMMAREN MED MONIKA / SUMMER WITH MONIKA
1952 KVINNORS VÄNTAN / WAITING WOMEN
1950 SOMMARLEK / SUMMER INTERLUDE
1950 SÅNT HÄNDER INTE HÄR / THIS CAN'T HAPPEN HERE
1950 TILL GLÄDJE / TO JOY
1949 TÖRST / THIRST
1949 FÄNGELSE / PRISON
1948 HAMNSTAD / PORT OF CALL
1948 MUSIK I MÖRKER / MUSIC IN DARKNESS
1947 SKEPP TILL INDIALAND / A SHIP BOUND FOR INDIA
1946 DET REGNAR PÅ VÅR KÄRLEK / IT RAINS ON OUR LOVE
1945 KRIS / CRISIS
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